Goji, Açaí and More
This page is currently under
construction. There's more to come in the following days regarding the
unique properties and health benefits of these fruits, to you AND your
animals! I appreciate your patience.
Quick Jump Links:
Definitions | ORAC |
There are many fruits in the World and I
believe that each of them are very special in their own right. They
provide nutrients and glyco-nutrients and no one is better than another.
However, some are far more powerful in antioxidant properties and those
are the fruit juices which I'm going to cover on this page.
A personal word of
advice is - Dont be FOOLED by all the slick marketing terminology youll
see on the Internet regarding these wonderful berries. Things such as
Spectral Signature, The One True Goji or Himalayan Goji (or any
other place for that matter!). Goji is GOJI (Lycium Barbarum) and Acai is
ACAI (Euterpe oleracea)
no matter where its from! There is NO one true Goji. Also, if anyone
tells you that a goji berry is NOT a wolfberry, they are wrong. Check it
out for yourself by doing an Internet search such as: Latin Name for Goji
Berry or Latin Name for Wolfberry. A little bit of homework goes a long
way. - Tina
(aka Goji Berry)
From Wikipedia, the free
Wolfberry is the common name
for the fruit of two very closely related species: Lycium barbarum
(Chinese: 寧夏枸杞; pinyin: Níngxià gǒuqǐ) and L. chinense (Chinese:
pinyin: gǒuqǐ), two species of boxthorn in the family Solanaceae (which
also includes the potato, tomato, eggplant, deadly nightshade, chili
pepper, and tobacco). Although its original habitat is obscure (probably
southeastern Europe to southwest Asia), wolfberry species currently grow
in many world regions.
Only in China, however, is there significant commercial cultivation.
According to the
United States Department of Agriculture
Germplasm Resources Information Network,
it is also known as Chinese wolfberry, goji berry, barbary matrimony vine,
bocksdorn, Duke of Argyll's tea tree,
or matrimony vine.
Unrelated to the plant's geographic origin, the names Tibetan goji and
Himalayan goji are in common use
in the health food market for products from this plant.
Euterpe oleracea (aka Açaí
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Euterpe oleracea is a species
palm, sometimes known as the
According to the University of
Florida (January 2008), "A Brazilian berry popular in health food contains
antioxidants that destroyed cultured human cancer cells in a recent
University of Florida study, one of the first to investigate the fruits
Published today (12 January
2008) in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, the study showed
extracts from acai (ah-SAH-ee) berries triggered a self-destruct response
in up to 86 percent of leukemia cells tested, said Stephen Talcott, an
assistant professor with UFs Institute of Food and Agricultural
According to Dr. Paul The Berry Doctor
merits looking deeper into açaí (Brazilian palmberry, Euterpe oleracea
Mart.) and goji (Chinese wolfberry, Lycium barbarum L.) because each has:
At one time or another, been called the world's most nutrient-rich plant
Been called the most antioxidant-potent food on Earth.
Centuries of use as a medicinal plant by peasants and shamans in their
Rapidly growing market interest in many countries.
Taste and nutrient qualities making it exotic and included among the
emerging superfruits emphasized for their antioxidant qualities.
Diverse applications as a "functional" ingredient in new foods and
California Academy of Health Goji Juice Information From PDF Fact Sheet
Interested in hearing some Goji testimonials? Check out:
What is ORAC
and what does it represent?
for Oxygen Radical Absorption Capacity.
What is the
Radical Absorption Capacity (ORAC) assay is a technique for determining
the complete antioxidant activity of any biological sample. The ORAC assay
measures the actual antioxidant activities of humans, food products, food
ingredients, agricultural products, and pharmaceutical products.
is considered a common ORAC for consumption on a daily basis?
person requires 1670 ORAC each day. In reality, 80% to 90% of people
around the world are not consuming half of the daily needed ORACs.
There's another perspective on ORAC values and
it comes from the following source:
According to Trent Rhode at
ORAC is the standard test, adopted by the US Department of Agriculture, to
measure the potency of antioxidants in food. The test was developed by Dr.
Guohua Cao, a physician and chemist who worked at the National Institute
on Aging in Baltimore, Maryland. The ORAC test, though not the be all and
end all of antioxidant testing, gives a good idea of the
free-radical-destroying potential of a given food. It does this by
measuring the time an antioxidant takes to react as well as the capacity
of antioxidants within the sample food. It combines these elements into
one measurement that is commonly expressed in terms of a 100 gram sample.
It has been suggested that humans should
consume about 5000 ORAC units a day for maximum benefits. Unfortunately,
most people do not eat nearly enough vegetables and fruit, or the right
type of vegetables and fruit, to achieve this. For example, to get your
daily ORAC dose from apples, you would need to eat 2,294 grams of apple
(or about 22 apples).
It is important to remember, however, that
there is a lot more to measuring a food's antioxidant capcity than ORAC.
Since different antioxidants have different effects, it is still important
to eat a variety of foods (including apples) with high antioxidant levels.
For example, although strawberries have a higher ORAC score than spinach,
spinach has been shown to be more effective than strawberries in boosting
blood antioxidant scores. So, although eating a large amount of
antioxidants is always a plus, it is important to eat a variety of healthy
foods, not only for their antioxidant levels, but for their other
nutritional properties as well.
I totally agree 100% with what Trent
says in that last paragraph!
The Bottom Line To ORAC
The "bottom line" to ORAC ratings and values
is (of course) from the United States Department of Agriculture. Below is
an excellent article provided by the USDA...
For the best and most
comprehensive look at a huge list of ORAC food values, check out this 2007
February 8, 1999
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8--Foods that score high
in an antioxidant analysis called ORAC may protect cells and their
components from oxidative damage, according to studies of animals and
human blood at the Agricultural Research Service's
Human Nutrition Research Center on
Aging at Tufts in Boston. ARS
is the chief scientific agency of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture
ORAC, short for Oxygen Radical Absorbance
Capacity, is a test tube analysis that measures the total antioxidant
power of foods and other chemical substances.
Early findings suggest that eating plenty
of high-ORAC fruits and vegetables--such as spinach and blueberries--may
help slow the processes associated with aging in both body and brain.
"If these findings are borne out in further
research, young and middle-aged people may be able to reduce risk of
diseases of aging--including senility--simply by adding high-ORAC foods to
their diets," said ARS Administrator Floyd P. Horn.
In the studies, eating plenty of high-ORAC
- Raised the antioxidant power of human
blood 10 to 25 percent
- Prevented some loss of long-term memory
and learning ability in middle-aged rats
- Maintained the ability of brain cells in
middle-aged rats to respond to a chemical stimulus--a function that
normally decreases with age
- Protected rats' tiny blood
vessels--capillaries--against oxygen damage
Nutritionist Ronald L. Prior contends, "If
we can show some relationship between ORAC intake and health outcome in
people, I think we may reach a point where the ORAC value will become a
new standard for good antioxidant protection." (See table at end for
ORAC values of fruits and vegetables.)
The thesis that oxidative damage culminates
in many of the maladies of aging is well accepted in the health community.
The evidence has spurred skyrocketing sales of antioxidant vitamins. But
several large trials have had mixed results.
"It may be that combinations of nutrients
found in foods have greater protective effects than each nutrient taken
alone," said Guohua (Howard) Cao, a physician and chemist who developed
the ORAC assay.
He and Prior have seen the ORAC value of
human blood rise in two studies. In the first, eight women gave blood
after separately ingesting spinach, strawberries and red wine--all
high-ORAC foods--or taking 1,250 milligrams of vitamin C. A large serving
of fresh spinach produced the biggest rise in the women's blood
antioxidant scores--up to 25 percent--followed by vitamin C, strawberries
and lastly, red wine
In the second study, men and women had a
13- to 15-percent increase in the antioxidant power of their blood after
doubling their daily fruit and vegetable intake compared to what they
consumed before the study. Just doubling intake, without regard to ORAC
scores of the fruits and vegetables, more than doubled the number of ORAC
units the volunteers consumed, said Prior.
Early evidence for the protecting power of
these diets comes from rat studies by Prior, Cao and colleagues. Rats fed
daily doses of blueberry extract for six weeks before being subjected to
two days of pure oxygen apparently suffered much less damage to the
capillaries in and around their lungs, Prior said. The fluid that normally
accumulates in the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs was much lower
compared to the group that didn't get blueberry extract.
Neuroscientist James Joseph and
psychologist Barbara Shukitt-Hale at the center tested middle-aged rats
that had eaten diets fortified with spinach or strawberry extract or
vitamin E for nine months. A daily dose of spinach extract "prevented some
loss of long-term memory and learning ability normally experienced by the
15-month-old rats," said Shukitt-Hale.
Spinach was also the most potent in
protecting different types of nerve cells in two separate parts of the
brain against the effects of aging, said Joseph.
"These cells were significantly more
responsive when the animals ate diets fortified with high-ORAC
foods--especially spinach--compared to unfortified diets," Joseph said.
"The spinach group scored twice as responsive as the control animals."
Why spinach is more effective than
strawberries--which score higher in the ORAC assay--is still a mystery.
The researchers conjecture that it may be due to specific compounds or a
specific combination of them in the greens.
More details on this research appear in an
article in the February issue of
Agricultural Research, ARS' monthly magazine. The story is also
available on the World Wide Web at:
Top-Scoring Fruits &
Vegetables - ORAC units per 100 grams (about 3 ½ ounces)
Scientific contact: Ronald Prior, James Joseph, Guohua Cao or Barbara
Shukitt-Hale, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at
Tufts, Boston, Mass., phone (617) 557-3310, fax (617) 556-3299,
is the ORAC level in the Acai fruit?
Acai fruit will give you an ORAC level of 3871. This is determined from a
dosage of 1 gram or 1000 mg.
antioxidant content in Acai leaves rival fruits struggling to play catch
· 50 times greater than mangoes.
· Three time greater than blueberries.
· Two times greater than pomegranates.
· 10 to 33 times greater than red wine grapes.
RioVida Contains Acai`
4Life Transfer Factor RioVida is the one-and-only juice beverage in the
world that provides the benefits of 4Life Transfer Factor Tri-Factor
Formula. RioVida is also infused with powerful antioxidant fruit juices,
such as açai, pomegranate, blueberry, elderberry, and purple grape.